There are so many good somdej amulets blessed by Luang Phor Tim that can be purchased on a budget. It is a misconception that genuine amulets blessed by LP Tim are expensive, and this top quality pim is one very good example.

Known as pim Somdej Kai Adisorn, which takes its name after a  famous Thai military regiment from Saraburi Province. The amulet was originally created to raise funds to construct a hospital, now known as Adisorn Hospital.

Many sacred famous monks participated in the blessing ceremony in BE 2514 including Luang Phor Tim, Wat Lahanrai A ceremony was held on the 16th January BE 2514 to create these pims which comprise of many auspicious components collected from temples throughout Thailand including sacred powders from  LP Tim. The batch comprised of four different pims:

Pra Somdej amulets, made of sacred powder
Pra Kring amulets, made of sacred alloys
Pra Nangpaya amulets, made of sacred powder
Pra Serdkonnok amulets, made of sacred alloys

Monks in attendance included:

Somdej Pra Sangkarach Pan of Wat Prachetupon
Luang Poo Tim, Wat Laharnrai
Luang Poo Toh, Wat Praduchimplee
Luang Por Pae, Wat Pikultong
Luang Phor Prom of Wat Chongkae
Luang Poo Kuay, Wat Kositaram
Luang Phor Ngern, Wat Don Yai Hom
Luang Phor Kong, Wat Wangsaparos
Luang Phor Top, Wat Chondan
Luang Por Noi, Wat Dharmsala
Luang Por Tae of Wat Sam Ngam
Luang Phor Kong, Wat Bansuan
Luang Poo Num,Wat Donsala
Luang Phor Mui, Wat Domrai
Luang Poo Cha, Wat Nongparpong
Luang Poo Dul, Wat Buraparam
Luang Por Kasem, Wat Susantriluck
Luang Poo Sam, Wat Trivivek
Luang Poo Fun, Wat Pa Udomsomporn
Luang Poo Sim, Wat Tumpapong
Luang Poo Bang,Wat Nongplub
Luang Poo Nerng, Wat Julamani
Luang Phor Ki, Wat Hoochangi
 


Sacred Materials

Soil from Lord Buddha’s birthplace in Lumbini, Nepal
Soil from the site of Lord Buddha’s Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya, India
Bodhi tree leaves from the site of Lord Buddha’s Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya, India
Soil from the site of Lord Buddha’s first sermon at Sarnath, India
Soil from the site of Lord Buddha’s Maha Parnibbana at Kushinagar, India
Powder from old Phra Somdej Wat Rakhang
Phra Somdej Keschaiyo, Wat Chaiyo Woravihara and old powder
Phra Somdej Wat Bangkhunphrom and old roof tile powder of Wat Indraviharn
Powder of old Phra Somdej Wat Plub (Luang Phor Suk Kaituen)
Century-old powder of Wat Rakhang from Somdej Phra Phuttacharn Toh donated by Pol. Lt. Siri Yompat
Powder of old Phra Wat Paknam 1st Batch, 4th Batch and 6th Batch
Buddhakhun powder of Phra Yanna Rat Raj Manit (Chao Khun Nara)
Powder used to make Phra Somdej Maha Raj Songkrut, Wat Sikan (Buddha Siam)
Lichen from a pagoda containing relics, Nakhon Ratchasima
Lichen from Pattha Sima Leaf from 8 directions, Wat Nang Phraya, Phitsanulok Province
Lichen from Pattha Sima Leaf, Wat Phra Kaeo, Bangkok
Lichen from Pattha Sima Leaf, Wat Phra Mahathat, Phitsanulok Province (Phra Buddha Chinnaraj)
Gold Leaf at the Buddha footprint of Phra Baht San Khiri Banphot (Phra Phuttabaht)
Relics of the Buddha’s disciples
Hom banana, Nam banana, Homchan banana
Laterite from Wat Nang Phraya, Phitsanulok Province
Laterite from Wat Phra Kaeo, Kamphaeng Phet Province
Powder of Phra Ajahn Bua, disciple of Luang Poo Prink
Powder of Luang Phor Dee, Wat Phra Roop, Suphanburi
Maharaj powder
Powder from holy cell in Chiang Saen
Silver powder from Sukhothai Province
Krui Thong powder
Powder of Phra Nak Prok, Lopburi Province
Kru Nang Phraya Powder from Suphanburi
Powder of Phra Somdej Pilan
Powder of Phra Chao Nomo
Patthamang powder
Itthijae powder
Trinisinghae powder
Three-months dried rice
Limestone
Honey
Pollen from 108 kinds of flowers
Tang Hua oil
Phet Tap Phet mineral
Phet Nam Tham mineral
Khao Dok Phra Ruang mineral
Phet Namkhang mineral
Copper
Paddy Mineral and rice of Mae Bhosop
Crystal sand
Black rice powder
Powdered areca nuts chewed by Phor Tan Klai, Wat Suan Khan, Nakhon Sri Thammarat
Powder of Luang Poo Onn, Wat Bang Chak
Saensuk powder
Saen Sabai powder
Marigold powder
Powder from 100 temples
Baked clay powder from Dvaravati period
Stibnite, silver, gold alloy powder, Luang Phor Sanoh
Buddha image powder from Dvaravati Era
Baked clay Buddha image powder
Hermit powder from Khao Chongkling Cave
Baked clay powder of Ajahn Tan, Wat Dhrama Sen
Phra That powder
Marble powder
Jade powder
Phra Somdej Chitlarda powder
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Pradu Songtham
Gold Pollen powder from Luang Poo Chum Inthasaro Wat Bangna Nai
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Thong Noppakhun
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Paknam Phasicharoen
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Arun Raj Vararam
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Pathum Khongkha
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Traimit Witayaram
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Karuhabodi
Gold Pollen powder from Werurachin
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Tai
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Mahabut
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Yang (Luang Phor Toh)
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Thong Nai (Luang Phor Phet)
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Lan Boon
Gold Pollen powder from Wat King Kaeo (Luang Phor Puek)
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Suwan (Klong San)
Gold Pollen powder from Prayoon Wongsawas
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Anongkharam
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Pho
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Taling Chan (Luang Phor Dam)
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Nakhon Pa Mak
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Kai Teia (Luang Phor Toh)
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Chao Arm
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Sri Sudaram
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Chino Rasaram
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Huay Mongkhol (Luang Phor Phlung)
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Asokaram (Luang Phor Lee)
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phichai Songkhram (Luang Phor Khien)
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Yai Inthraram
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Buddha Chinnaraj Mongkhol Prakan
Gold Pollen powder from Phrom Mani
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Chaiyo Woravihara
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phikulthong (Luang Phor Pae)
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phanan Choeng
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Yai Chai Mongkhol
Gold Pollen powder from Viharn Phra Mongkhol Bophit
Gold Pollen powder from Sahn Phra Kahn, Lopburi
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phra Pratone Chedi
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phra Pathom Chedi
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Raikhing
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Dong Rang
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Thung Latya (Luang Phor Lamyai)
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Khao Rak, Kanchanaburi
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Pa Rae Rai, Kanchanaburi
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Nang Phraya, Phitsanulok
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phra That Cho Hae, Phrae
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Sri Don Kham, Phrae
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phra Kaeo, Chiang Mai
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Pah Kluay, Chiang Rai
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phra That Pha Ngao, Chiang Rai
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phra That Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai
Gold Pollen powder from Phra Singh, Chiang Mai
Gold Pollen powder from Kruba Srivichai Monument, Chiang Mai
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phan Ta, Chiang Mai
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Mad Kam Tong, Chiang Mai
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Chiang Yuen, Chiang Mai
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Loy Kroh, Chiang Mai
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phra That Haripunchai, Lamphun
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Mahawan, Lamphun (Phra Rod)
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Chammathewi, Lamphun
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phra Phuttabahtn Tak Phaa, Lamphun
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Boon Vihara, Lampang
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Chedi Saow, Lampang
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phra Kaeo Don Tao, Lampang
Gold Pollen powder from Nakhon Sawan temples
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Ban Rai, Nakhon Ratchasima (Luang Phor Koon)
Gold Pollen powder from Ya Mo Monument
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Narai, Nakhon Ratchasima
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Sra Kae, Nakhon Ratchasima
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Song Sila, Nakhon Ratchasima
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Klang, Chaiyaphum
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Buddharam, Surin
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Pawanaram, Si Saket
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Pitak Naram, Yasothon
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Bovornives Vihara
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Inthraram
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Suthat Thepwararam
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Amain Thraram
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Klang Voravihara
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Mongkhol Potahwas
Gold Pollen powder from Suphanburi & Ratchaburi Provinces
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Kruawan Luang Phor Kaew
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Sothon Wararam (Luang Phor Sothon)
Gold Pollen powder from Bodhi tree, India
Gold Pollen powder from King Naresuan’s Great Pavilion
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phra Non Chakri, Singburi
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Praison Sakdaram, Phetchabun
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phra Mahathat, Phitsanulok (Phra Buddha Chinnaraj)
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Chedi Luang, Chiang Mai
Gold Pollen powder from King Taksin Pavilion, Tak
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phra Boromathat, Kamphaeng Phet
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phra That Phanom, Nakhon Phanom
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Budro Ammo, Mukdahan
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Sri Mongkhol Tai, Mukdahan
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Kaew Sri Vichai, Mukdahan
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phra That, Nakhon Phanom
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Bang Phli Yai Nai (Luang Phor Toh)
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Phra Kaeo & Lak Muang
Gold Pollen powder from Wat Bo Kao Toh, Singburi
Powder from 108 medicinal plants, Wat Sikan (Buddha Siam) (Phra Somdej Maharaj Songkrut)
Copper and Iron ore from Wat Khao Ketu, Nakhon Phanom
Pi Mang powder from Wat Bangan Nai (Phra Khru Vinai Torachuan)
Bodhi leaf powder from Bo tree at Lord Buddha’s Enlightenment site from Ajahn Chan Havithi
Khun Pan Sakod Tap medicinal plant powder from Ajahn Chan Havithi
80-year-old Phra Pidta powder from the Supreme Patriach, Wat Bovornives
Luang Poo Thuad powder and ore from B.E.2506, Wat Prasat Bunyawas
Seven salt licks
Forest soil powder from 7 forests
Patthamang, Itthijae, Maharaj, Metta Mahasaneh and Maha Raruay powder of Phra Ajahn Thanin
Powder of pagoda top from 9 pagodas
Sticky rice powder from mountain top
Vasana powder of Ajahn Chan Havithi
Jasmine powder and White lotus powder of Ajahn Chan Havithi
Na Jang Nang powder of Ajahn Chan Havithi
Phet Klab medicinal plant powder of Ajahn Chan Havithi
Buddha Sihing powder from Wat Kai, Lopburi
Itthijae powder from Wat Kai, Lopburi
Powder from pagoda top, Wat Phra Singh, Chiang Mai
Powder from Wat Prasat Thong Songtham, Saraburi
Sithi Dabos hermit powder of Phra Khru Arkhom Voravej
Kassapa hermit powder of Phra Khru Arkhom Voravej
Powder of Luang Poo Thien
100-year-old slate powder with magical diagrams in Khmer language
Magical writing powder
Miraculous soil powder
Fresh sugar cane juice
Honey
Snowy orchid
Brazilwood flower
Crown flower
Two-tailed betel leaf
Laburnum flower
Tanowsri Ochna
Water drops in a cave
Palm leaf powder
Shell
Soil powder from the bottom of 9 holy wells
Bone powder of male elephants
Powder of 108 medicinal plants
Nampee iron powder, Sukhothai Province
Powder from Khao Phra Sabai Cave
Powder from Khao Chedi Cave
Itthijae powder from Luang Phor Fu
Itthijae powder from Phra Somdej Luang Phor Phrom Wat Chong Kae

The 99 Senior Buddhist Monks Who Sat in ConcentrationSacred Materials

Phra Visuthi Wongsachan
Phra Visutha Thipbodi
Phra Dhamma Sirichai
Phra Raj Yan Dilok
Luang Poo Thong
Phra Raj Panya Sudi
Luang Phor Klaew
Phra Dhamma Panya Bodhi (Luang)
Phra Raj Mongkhol Yan
Phra Pawana Visuthajan
Phra Vichien Muni
Phra Thep Methi
Phra Thep Prasith Mon (Luang Phor Phan)
Phra Sophon Dhamma Porn 
Phra Raj Pariyati Vithan (Luang Phor Budh)
Phra Voravej Muni (Prasert)
Phra Khru Bhikkhu Vivekananda
Phra Khru Dhamma Rattana Vimol (Thong Bai)
Luang Phor Chuen
Luang Phor Mien
Luang Phor Mee
Phra Thep Boran Khanajan (Vai)
Phra Sunthorn Dhamma Nuwat (Sawat)
Phra Sunthorn Yutikit (Lai-aed)
Phra Khru Kasem Khana Bibal (Mee)
Phra Khru Sunthorn Dharma Niwat (Luang Phor Ruay)
Phra Khru Buddha Siriwat (Mien)
Phra Khru Phatrakit Sophon (Hual)
Phra Yanna Rangsi (Piya)
Phra Khru Vichan Patanopas
Luang Poo Bua Thavaro
Phra Pisith Nimmakan (Chalam)
Phra Khru Visuthi Chaikhun (Sa-art)
Luang Phor Kong Jittamalo
Phra Mongkhol Dhamma Pani (Luang
Poo Mang)
Luang Poo Bukka Thavaro
Phra Raj Singha Kanajan (Luang Phor Pae)
Phra Khru Prasan Navakit (Prasan)
Phra Khru Pitak Sasanawong (Tod)
Phra Kru Viraya San (Sali)
Phra Raj Visuthiyan Mongkhol (Luang
Phor Jarun)
Phra Mongkhol Chaisith (Samran)
Phra Raj Sang Vorayan (Luang Phor
Puth)
Phra Mongkhol Vatanakhun (Luang Phor Perm)
Phra Khru Nakhon Dham Kosit (Luang Phor Nil)
Luang Phor Koon Parisutto
Phra Ajahn Sien Aranyavasi
Luang Poo Yen
Phra Khru Sunthorn Vudhikun (Luang Phor Put)
Phra Khru Panakit Sunthorn (Luang Phor Pern)
Luang Phor Liew
Phra Dham Maha Viranuwat
Phra Khru Kasem Dhamma Nan (Luang Phor Chaem)
Luang Phor Huad
Phra Khru Santi Suwankit (Luang Phor Dee)
Phra Raj Udom Mongkhol (Luang Phor Uttama)
Phra Khru Kanajano Pamakun (Luang Phor Lamyai)
Phra Khru Piya Rattanaporn (Boonraj)
Phra Ajahn Khao Kata Punyo
Luang Poo Inkaew Aninchano
Kruba In Into (Disciple of Kruba Srivichai)
Phra Khru Kasem Vorakit (Vichai)
Phra Khun Chao Dabot Sumano
Phra Khru Pitak Phram Vihara (Luang Phor Di)
Phra Khru Siri Boonyakom (Boonma)
Phra Khru Sathorn Voratham (Prasert)
Phra Khru Udom Vorayan (Inda)
Phra Khru Prasith Boonwat (Prasith)
Phra Khru Thavorn Vorayan (Inta)
Luang Poo Waen Tanapalo
Luang Phor Kasem Kemako
Phra Khru Maha Buddha Bibal
Phra Ajahn Hong Nantha Varo
Phra Thep Suthiyan Rangsi (Chan)
Luang Phor Arb
Luang Phor Kae
Phra Khru Sunthorn Dhammakit (Luang Phor Yod)
Phra Khru Palad Sampipat Tirachan
Phra Ajahn Somchai Titavirito
Phra Voraphot Panyachan (Fam)
Phra Khru Piyuk Dham Sunthorn (Luang Phor Yit)
Phra Visutha Jarakun (Ketu)
Phra Khru Pawana Vacharopas (Phaew)
Phra Khru Kasem Dhamma Yan (Luang Phor Nam)
Phra Kruba Sangla Dhamma Siri
Phra Ajahn Chamnien Silasetho
Phra Thep Vara Lankara (Sri Chan)
Phra Sunthorn Dhamma Korn (Kampan)
Phra Raj Pirot Rangsi (Tes)
Phra Khru Opas Sakhon Dhamma (Sawang)
Phra Mongkhol Kita Thada (Amorn)
Phra Yan Vises (Thieng)


This is the 4th (last) in a series of Phra Somdej amulets that were made of lead by Mr Kijja Vajasaj. All his amulets were donated to LP Toh who then recited the sacred spell for the amulets on October 4, B.E.2517. A total of 2,517 amulets were consecrated, divided into 3 groups.

The first group was the big-size comprising of 1,000 amulets, however the mould was broken because of too much heat, as a result the right side of the amulet had a crack/fracture line which could be easily seen.

The second group was called the big-head amulets and for in general they appeared very similar if not identical to the first group. Once again this batch was plagued with manufacturing problems and they were cast too thin and were easily broken. Only a few were made.

The third group was called “Pim-oke-rong”, this group was made to replace the second group. It is not known the exact quantity that were produced, but it was known that of 2,517 amulets were produced in total.

All the series of Phra Somdej amulets which were created during B.E. 2514-B.E.2517 had no endorsement of LP Toh’s name on them.

Later the temple’s committee had endorsed the name onto the amulets to prevent any copies. But this action unfortunately disappointed the two creators of the amulets which resulted in the later creation of a new series of amulets called Phra Pidta Pim Kaotoktak, which was also made of lead. On this occassion they did not donate the amulets to LP Toh but to the temple directly.

ome of the this series of Phra Somdej amulets were endorsed with the sacred spell “Na” and “Tri-nisinghe” on the back by Mr.Tiradharma and Mr.Kijja, both whom were trained by LP Toh to endorse the spells. Most of the amulets were not endorsed with the sacred spells.
What was most important was that LP Toh was determined to help the worshippers own sacred amulets and as such he had dedicated much of his time to recite the sacred spell for the amulets to ensure that were magic power that could help calling good fortune, saving lives, etc.

Background information:- Other Series

2nd series: 300 pieces amulets were presented to LP Toh in December B.E.2516, all the amulets were made of lead without any mercury mixing.

3rd series: 325 amulets were presented to LP Toh in January B.E.2517, all the amulets were made of lead mixed with mercury and one of them was given to Mr. Tiradharma, while the other 324 amulets were donated to the temple’s committee.

Mr.Kijja’s creation of LP Toh’s amulets

In B.E.2509, Mr.Kijja,who was an instructor at Bansomdejchaopraya Teacher College, and was responsible for the cration of the Phra Pidta (or Phra-kwampati) and Phra Pidtwara amulets. A total of 227 amulets were made, some were given to the followers of LP Toh and LP Pol of Wat Nung and some were kept by Mr.Kijja himself.

All the amulets were made of sacred powder of the leafs of plants that were used to sprinkle sacred water during the sacred ceremonies


Somdej Wat Keschaiyo - An Introduction Part 2
An original article by Yanisar

A Brief History

Somdej Phra Buddhascharn Toh Promrangsi was born on the 17th April BE 2331 at Angthong Chaiyo. At the age of 12 the royal palace adopted him, making him a novice at Wat Intrawiharn, Bang Khun Prom, Bangkok.

He entered the monkhood at Wat Phra Sri Rattana Satsadaram aged 21. King Rama I announced him to te royal naga and sent him to Wat Rakang Kositaram in BE 2350.

It was here that he made his first batch of Pra Somdej Wat Rakang amulets in BE 2532, these today are known as ra Somdej Early age and are considerably less expensive than later batches. These pims were created using skills employed by village craftsmen from the Baanchanglor area close to te temple.

In fact he used these same village craftsmen during the period of King Rama 2 and King Rama 3 (BE 2532 - BE 2393). The pims created during this era are not considered as beautiful as beautful as later pims either. The arch is not well aligned, and often irregular in shape, the body of the Buddha image is considered short, and inclined. The texture of these pims was rough and fragile with cracks appearing all over due mostly to the actual mixture of the amulet mass.

This earlier age is often referred to by  experienced collectors as "Pim Talok" . Furthermore many even condemn these pims as fake even though they know fully well that they are in fact genuine.

In any case its the second age that we are interested in, that is the age that pims were created during the reign of King Rama 4. By this time he was now using craftsmen from Wang Na, Wang Lang and Wang Luang. The difference in skill reflected in the amulets which now had smooth consistent arches, Buddha images that were considered far more attractive with big chests and small waists, tapered arms with no sharp turns at the elbow. all these features are apparent in the Keschaiyo pims.

In fact one of the biggest improvements was the addition of cement powder called porcelain. This provided far more strength and rigidity which reduced cracking to a minimum.

Somdej Wat Keschaiyo - Dates

This section will explain why there are such significant differences between many of the amulets, and why in the first section I suggested that there was even a possibility that three  authentic pims could be totally unrelated.

What we need to understand is that the Wat Keschaiyo amulets were essentially created on three different occasions at three different time periods

  1. The very earliest pims were created at Wat Rakang in BE 2393 and then stored at Wat Kerschaiyo, Angthong province.
  2. Due to  structural damage to the kru in which these original amulets were stored a second batch was created at Wat Rakang to replace those pims that had either been stolen or broken.
  3. A third batch was created, again at Wat Rakang to replace more amulets that had been stolen from the Kru after a thief dug into the chamber. Here is the interesting fact,  after the stolen pims were replaced the excess amulets were taken to Wat Pho Kriab.

Market Factors

So now the variables are beginning to increase with the number of potential differences between the various pims becoming quite quite substantial.

1. We have different compositions within the same time  period

2.We have three different time periods.

3. We have a variety of different prints

4. We need to factor changes caused to amulets due from exposure to and damage by the elements during a 150 year period.

5. On top of all these variables there is still yet one other factor. That is I am afraid to say essentially the greed of many of Thailand's top amulet societies, and players

By way of example during the third time period which the Keschaiyo pims were created.; all excess pims were deposited for Wat Pho Kriab, and there is overwhelming evidence to prove this.

Despite that knowledge, the top societies and sians deny authenticity. This is typically one way in which they maintain a vice like grip on the control of market prices and availability. In fact they have many such tools at their disposal with which they manipulate the market. This control is so encompassing that we all contribute in some small way to its support.

You may be think that this has no bearing on the Keschaiyo pim variants, and that is where you would be wrong, and its this fact that has caused unbelievable carnage and confusion in its wake.

Prints
Let us now consider the basic prints and see how they as a variable may contribute further to the increasing levels of complexity.

These are the prints created, a straight forward fact, or at least you would think so.

6 Chan Ok Rong
6 Chan Ok Dtan
7 Chan Ok Dtan
9 Chan  Boran
7 Chan Hug Sork
7 Chan Mak Laeng Tho
6 Chan other pims

Now the real stupidity of this is that commercial dealers and societies have chosen only to recognize the first three pims all the remnainder according to them are fake, which is comical to say the least....its simply another way in which they control the market.

So if you are wondering why there is so much misunderstanding and a incredible degree of ignorance about these amulets then I think you will probably by now at least appreciate the reasons why.





Somdej Wat Keschaiyo - The Basics
An original article by Yanisar

The Pra Somdej Wat Keschaiyo group of amulets are classified amongst those that are attibuted to Pra Somdej  Puttajan Toh Promrangsee. These pims predominately share the same unique composition as the Wat Rakang  and Wat Bangkunprom somdej amulets.

They are made from lime (mortar, calcium oxide) , ground shell, pong itijay, pong puthakun, pong pathamang, pong maharat and pong dtree. All these sacred powders are combined with many other auspicious constituents including khao suk, banana and dried flowers .

The Keschaiyo pims I admit can initially  be quite confusing to understand which makes identification difficult for the novice. It is important to acquaint yourself with some basic factual information about these amulets, without which I am afraid,  a greater understanding will almost certainly elude you

Other than the basic print designs, these pims can be divided into a number of specific sub categories,  the most important of which is the composition of the amulet mass.

There are three major variations each giving the amulets a fairly individual appearance and without question is the source of considerable confusion. Indeed  those differences can be so significant it would be easy to conclude for example that you  were looking at three totally unrelated amulets, which as it happens could actually be the case

The confusion only increases when those differences are then combined with other influential factors such as storage conditions within the kru and most importantly the atmospheric conditions and level of direct exposure to the elements.

For example deterioration and compositional change to the amulet surface as a result of oxidation and/or erosion is common and you should also try and familiarize with the physical characteristics of each. In fact one of the basic skill sets of any experienced amulet collector. Different amulet compositions react with the elements in different ways and often is a very powerful authentication tool.

The other factor which plays an important role is the date of creation as we will see later, and why in fact you may very well be looking at completely unrelated amulets

Sub categorization by composition.

1. Neua Graeng...appearance of very old  dry mass, almost stone / marble like in appearance. In Thai it is referred to as "Neua Gae Boon" which literally translates as old mortar and is apt being quite distinct in appearance as the image below clearly illustrates.

Somdej Wat KeschaiyoPra Somdej Keschaiyo, Pim 6 Chan Ok Dtalot. (Neua Graeng)

 

  1. Neua Num Baang Glangyellow white ...which is made from accurately divided constituent components

neua num

Pra Somdej Keschaiyo, Pim 6 Chan Ok Dtalot

  1. "Neua Num"... Soft composition with a higher percentage of nam man or oil, sometimes referred to as "neua jat". The example illustrated below is also known as Pim Niyom

neua num2

Pra Somdej Keschaiyo, Pim 6 Chan Ok Dtalot. (Niyom)

There are other classification systems and other types of description for the amulet mass with no particular standard as such. For example  Pim Niyom (First Class / Diamond Grade) is often described as "Neua Nom  Kon" (condensed milk) with "kraap Leung" or yellow stains.

The system offered using three types of mass is perfectly adequate for the majority of Keschaiyo amulets. The most important consideration is simply to be aware of the degree  of variation that exists.

Once you have the basic knowledge everything will fall into place. Take the time to go through these tutorials and by the end  I can assure you that you will be far more knowledgeable than the majority  of Thai collectors, something that I hope to demonstrate to you by asking you to evaluate various pims being offered for sale on the internet.  At the very least you will be able to make fairly informed decisions should you consider making a purchase.

In the next section I will discuss classification based on the amulet prints before looking at some of the more detailed considerations relating to authenticity.